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Snooker is played with fifteen object balls that are not numbered and are solid red (called reds), six object balls of other colours that are not numbered (called colours in snooker) and a cue ball (called the white ball).
The aim of snooker is to pocket the balls legally according to the rules and to score a greater number of points than the opponent.
Point values for object balls: red1, yellow2, green3, brown4, blue5, pink6, black7.
2. Opening break rules
The game of Snooker begins with the cue ball in hand in the Half Circle (so the starting player can place the cue ball anywhere inside the Half Circle).
The rules for the opening break are the same as when one of the players gets the right to strike.
3. Rules of play in Snooker
A player who gets the right to strike has to hit one of the red ball first.
Each shot has to be completed in 60 seconds, otherwise a foul is called.
A strike, when the next legal object is a red ball, is legal when:
The white ball is not potted.
The white ball hits a red ball first.
Only red balls are potted.
Otherwise the strike is a foul according to the rules of snooker.
When the strike on the red ball is legal:
If no red ball is potted then the opposing player is next.
When a red ball is potted then the player gets as many points as the number of red balls he has potted. The striker's next legal object is a coloured snooker ball (see next point rules).
A strike, when the next legal object is a colour ball, is legal when:
The white ball is not potted.
If there are still red balls on the table then one of the coloured balls is hit by the white ball first.
If there are no more red balls on the table then the coloured ball with the lowest points is hit first.
Only the ball that was hit first by the white ball is be potted.
Otherwise the strike is a foul.
When the strike on the coloured ball is legal:
If no ball is potted then the opposing player is next.
When a coloured ball is potted then the player's points increase by the point value of the potted coloured ball. The striker's next legal object is a red ball. If there are no more red balls on the table, the next legal object is the ball with the lowest points.
4. Snooker Foul Rules
If a hit is a foul then the other player gets penalty points:
4 points if the white ball is potted.
4 points if time limit is exceeded (60 seconds/shot)
If the white hits the wrong ball first then the value of this ball.
If the wrong ball is potted first then the value of this ball.
When a hit results in more fouls then the opposing player gets the points of foul with the highest value.
Penalty points have a minimal value of 4.
After committing a foul the incoming player may play the ball(s) as they lie
request to pass the shot and let the offending player play the stroke again (without returning to the original position)
5. Game over rule
When the only ball left on the table is the black one and The black ball is potted by the next legal shot.